Bear Mountain – Sedona, Arizona…

I am forcing myself to get outdoors.  

This summer’s heat in Phoenix has been miserable for me.  I don’t know why it feels so much more oppressive and suffocating than summers past, but it does.  More than I have in a long time, I find myself hiding inside and making excuses.  I don’t like excuses.

After a great week in Pennsylvania, where the weather was significantly better, I felt energized…recharged.  I also returned to Phoenix to find the weather was a little more reasonable and a storm system was providing some much needed cloud cover in the mornings.  So, for the first time this summer, I had a solid week of outdoors activity and I didn’t want it to stop.  So as the heat rose, I planned to head up north and get some trail time in around my new favorite stomping grounds…Sedona.

Originally, I was looking for a nice long canyon hike that would allow me to amble along in the shade of the high red-rock walls.  I day-dreamed of running along a dusty canyon trail through Cottonwoods, Junipers and Pine trees.  This, unfortunately, would continue to be a dream as I did my pre-trip research and found that afternoon thunderstorms were forecast for the weekend in Sedona.  Monsoon season thunderstorms in Arizona mean flash floods and a secluded canyon is not where you want to be.  So, as often happens…change of plan.

I browsed my Sedona Trail Map and found a few interesting options that seemed far enough off the beaten path to offer some solitude.  Early Sunday morning, I got myself packed and headed north out of town.  Sunday was also National Hammock Day, so part of my goal for the day was to find a good place to hang my ENO and soak in some classic Sedona views.

driving up 179

In Sedona, I made my requisite stop at The Hike House to review trail options and take a look at their gear selection.  Deb met me at the door and ushered me in to show off some of the new gear and chat.  Then we looked over the map and she agreed that it would be a bad time to do any canyon hiking.  In lieu of a canyon hike I wanted to summit something.  Wilson Mountain was out of the question because it would get hit the hardest by any lightning and monsoon rains.  I asked about a small, strenuous hike on the west end of town that climbed up into the southwestern corner of the Red Rock Secret Mountain Wilderness.

Bear Mountain summit trail is only a 5 mile hike round-trip.  That would make it a much shorter distance than I wanted to hike but with nearly 2,000 ft of elevation gain in the 2.5 miles to the summit, it is strenuous.  Knowing it was a summit hike and storms were due to make their way in, I grabbed a cookie (thanks, Deb!) and headed toward the trailhead.

Bear Mountain as seen from the trailhead

There were a few cars parked at the lot that serves as the trailhead for both Bear Mountain and the much shorter Doe Mountain hike.  There is a decent sized parking lot and restrooms here.  There is also an automated pay-station for the Red Rock Day passes (I don’t think the passes are required anymore, but for $5 it was better to have it and not need it).

Cactus at the start of the trailThis mountain looks much different on paper than it does in person.  On paper, there are a couple of obvious climbs but I was not expecting the exciting geological adventure this mountain offers.  The trail starts across the road from the parking lot in a relatively flat, cactus laden stretch of iconic red soil split by ribbons of deeply eroded washes.  It climbs slowly straight to the base of the mountain comprised of heavily eroded cliffs of Schnebly Hill Sandstone.  A steep 400 ft climb brings me to a distinct ledge of Apache Limestone that has resisted erosion enough to create a relatively level path along the wall of the cliffs above.The first dramatic views from Bear Mountain

It’s Sedona, so I’m already impressed by the views and stopping to take pictures.  The rocky trail is more narrow and overgrown through this section and I am careful to watch for the cairns as I find myself nearly following false trails here and there.  This shelf ends at a narrow cut in the mountain side where the trail begins another steep climb.  I’m excited to see a trail becoming more technical and interesting.  As I hoist myself up out of the ravine and on to the first plateau, I’ve left the cactus behind.  Though there are still Agave, the low-land cactus has been replaced with Manzanita…and lots of it.

rocky trail to scramble to the main deckThe views on this first plateau are impressive, but I know I’ve barely started my climb.  I was anxious to see more.  This is the first place I run in to fellow hikers on their way back down.  A hundred yards or so later I run in to another couple resting further up the trail.  The deck at this section of Bear Mountain is a transition from the Schnebly Hill Sandstone to the very orange Coconino Sandstone.  The scrubby Manzanita is thick across this deck, but still relatively treeless.  Following the cairns carefully, the trail climbs another 500ft or so through a maze of rock and brush across a steeply inclined deck.  The rock gets lighter as you climb eventually revealing a twisted section of sandstone, bleached almost white, turned on it’s side and eroded to reveal etched swirls and striations unlike anything else I’ve seen in Sedona.

This section of the mountain becomes very narrow with sheer cliffs falling into twisted red canyons below on either side.  You gotta follow the trail on the 3D map below to get a good feel for this narrow bridge of rock.  It really was amazing to walk a few feet in either direction and be staring down into steep canyons, each with very unique character.

This is also where the trees start to occur.  I found myself scouting for a place to hang the hammock on the return hike.  It was a meager selection at first, with solitary trees perched here and there.  After more climbing, however, the trees became a little thicker and stronger and options were starting to present themselves.

There is a plateau that sort of presents itself as a false-peak.  In fact, when I got the plateau there were a couple of guys there resting and they announced “you made it!” as if this was the summit and end of the trail.  Clearly, with mountain still above me and my GPS reading that I still had a quarter mile left to go, they were mistaken.  I spent a few minutes taking pictures and soaking in the view from the false-summit but I wanted the top and time was running short.

CLOUDS!This entire time I’d been hiking and watching the clouds far up to the north.  An innocent line of clouds that morning had slowly grown to a picturesque desert sky and then transformed into a black, shadowy mass pulsing with flashes of light and emitting a menacing growl from time to time just to remind me it was coming.  I picked up the pace and made for the summit.  The last push to the top is very different than the rest of the trail.  As I’ve seen in a lot of summit hikes, part of the trail is less traveled, rougher and the cairns are more important to keep on the right path.  The rock here is more broken and loose and the vegetation changes again becoming more scrubby with grasses and Yucca.

Love the flag in the wind and the clouds gathering above...The top is marked with a small pile of rock and a small American Flag.  I paused at the top looking down across the flat, open valley to the southwest.  I stood on a fractured and pitted ledge of stark white Kaibab Limestone at the precipice of a great canyon and watched two hawks chase each other and grapple in the sky below me.  Then as the thunder reminded me of my time frame, I grabbed a few shots of the lone flag at the summit and moved on.

One the way down I found a great spot to hang the hammock overlooking Fay Canyon where I could watch the storm roll in over Wilson Mountain toward Sedona.  I was strapped between two pine trees at a ledge just 20ft or so off the trail and watched a couple of hikers pass below me.  I had a little snack and some water while I rested and watched the clouds move across the horizon, grumbling deeply as it moved, white lightning splitting the sky.

Before too long, I packed up my stuff and returned to my march down the mountain.  I picked up the pace, jogging through the flat parts and scrambling through the more technical sections.  Before I knew it was back to the narrow climb to the main deck, quickly working my way down I was back to the foot of the mountain in no time and headed to the truck just as the first drops of rain were starting to fall.

I drove back into Sedona through intermittent rain.  I stopped in to the Hike House again to say goodbye and grabbed a smoothie for the ride home since I wasn’t really feeling up to a full dinner.

watching the storm come in from my hammock

Bear Mountain really is a great summit hike for Sedona.  It is a very unique experience in place where unique experiences abound.  I think next time I will want to hike Fey Canyon and Boynton Canyon, the two dramatic canyons on the north side of Bear Mountain that offered such amazing views.

Bear Mountain – Red Rock Secret Mountain Wilderness.

Plenty of trailhead parking. From Sedona take Highway 89A west to Dry Creek Road.  Follow until it dead-ends and make a left on to Boynton Pass Road toward Boynton Canyon.  Another left at the next intersection will take you to the trailheads for Boynton Canyon, Fey Canyon then Bear Mountain and Doe Mountain.  There is a small parking area, bathrooms and a Red Rock Pass purchase booth at the trailhead.

Trail Length: 5 mile round-trip (as described here)
Elevation Gain: 1,800 feet
Difficulty: moderate to strenuous
Open: Year-round but not suggested during winter when snow is expected.

View Bear Mountain by wildernessdave on Breadcrumbs

 

Hiking a Pennsylvania Landmark: Mount Nittany Trail…

A little History…

Nittany Mountain has been an important part of the history and traditions of Penn State University since it’s founding.  In 1945, the landowners who held rights to Nittany Mountain were preparing to sell the property and timber rights to a logging operation.  Rather than see their beloved mountain stripped of all it’s trees for profit, local Penn State Lion’s Paw Alumni Association (LPAA) scrambled to buy the land.  By 1946 they had raised enough money to purchase 525 acres encompassing the Nittany Mountain ridge and surrounding area.  In 1981, LPAA formed the Mount Nittany Conservancy (MNC) in order to acquire additional land. With community and alumni support, the Conservancy has acquired an additional 300 acres.  The MNC vigilantly continues to maintain and protect the trails and ecosystem of their beloved mountain.

A Local Landmark…

As the most prominent ridge situated between Nittany Valley and Penns Valley, Mount Nittany has been a landmark with it’s own set of legends and traditions since long before European settlement in the area.  Though little more than a hill at less than 1,000 ft above the valley floor, Mount Nittany is still a looming presence and visual landmark in State College and the surrounding area.  The Juniata maintained a tribal legend about the formation of the mountain involving the death of a young Brave named Lion’s Paw and his heart-broken maiden named Nit-A-Nee, the obvious namesake of the mountain and adjacent valley.  Penn State University’s mascot and athletic teams, the Nittany Lions, are also derived from this same legend.  These local legends have been intricately woven into the traditions of Penn State University since the school’s founding in 1855.

Interesting Geology…

Nittany Mountain (also called Mount Nittany locally) is a significant ridge in the Ridge-and-Valley Province of the Appalachians.  The Ridge-and-Valley Province is a section of geology literally squeezed between the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Appalachian Plateau. The present formations are remnants of sedimentary structures that have been folded westward and eroded.  The ridges are merely areas that have resisted erosion due to veins of the more durable Bald Eagle Sandstone.  The Ridge-and Valley Appalachians stretch from southeastern New York through Western Pennsylvania and south to Alabama.

The Trail…

We had promised Jason we would go hiking while we were in town.  We had looked at some options but, not knowing the area very well, we opted for the most recognizable and easy to get to trail in the area: Mount Nittany Trail.  My fiancé, Merelyn, and I were in Pennsylvania for her 20 year High School reunion and visiting with family in State College before and after a trip to Erie for the reunion.  The day before we picked up her nephew Jason for a hike up Mt. Nittany, we had hiked up a new road blazed up the mountain on her parent’s property in Centre Hall.  The hike took us to the ridgeline above their home, the same ridge (we later realized) that terminates at Mt. Nittany.

We picked up Jason from swim practice early in the morning and drove out to the trailhead in Lamont.  Jason had hiked here before and was able to help direct us to the trailhead.  Access winds through a few neighborhoods to a small parking area along the side of the road.  The trailhead itself if marked with a large map and directions and there are small maps available to take with you.  Jason was pretty tired from swimming so we opted for a short tour of trails.  We’d hike up the main trail to the first overlook at Mt. Nittany proper, overlooking Penn State then see if we could talk Jason in to doing more.

The trail is very rocky, as is most of this part of Pennsylvania.  Though steep, the trail is well-worn and popular with the locals.  Blue and white paint markers on the trees guide you along the trail system to make it easier to track which part of the trail you’re on.  We followed the blue markers up the steep trail, feeling old and out of shape huffing and puffing next to the 12-year-old casually walking up the trail next to us.

Hiking this trail in summer provides a thick, green canopy offering plenty of shade.  Once you’ve reached the ridge, the trail changes character slightly and narrows as the vegetation presses in.  Just after reaching the ridge you come to the main overlook, the reason, I’m sure, that the trail exists…the view of Penn State.  Named the Mike Lynch Overlook, the trees open up to a small landing at the head of Nittany Mountain offering an open view to State College and the Penn State Campus below.  It would seem, and Jason confirmed, that most people hike to this overlook for the view of Penn State and then turn back.  There is considerably less traffic on the rest of the trail system.

After a short rest and some pictures, Jason was content to head back to the car.  We prodded him to continue on and let us see some more of the mountain.  He agreed to put in a little more trail time to get to the next overlook.  Almost half a mile further down the trail we reached the next clearing, an opening with a view out over Boalsburg and the Mt. Nittany Middle School.  This is also a great spot to stop and just soak in the view.  I commented to Merelyn that this would be a nice place to hammock for the afternoon, several of the trees were perfectly placed for a good hang.

Jason and Merelyn on the Mt Nittany TrailThough Merelyn and I wanted to explore further, we were running out of time and Jason was running out of steam.  So we headed back, happily hiking along under the thick green canopy and visiting with Jason.  We picked up speed on the steep section toward the trailhead and Jason enjoyed keeping up with me as we finished the trail in a strong running pace on a narrow single track side trail in the trees.  We finished strong, downed some water and hopped in the car so we could get Jason back in time for his other teenage summer break obligations (which seem to keep him very busy).

There are about 8 miles or so worth of trails in the Conservancy and the full perimeter loop is nearly 5 miles.  Hopefully, next time we’re out in Pennsylvania we can find the time to at least do the full loop and maybe even explore some of the inner trails as well.  It’s a beautiful area, I’m looking forward to seeing more.

View Mt. Nittany by wildernessdave on Breadcrumbs

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Recipe: Dave’s Awesome Chili…

Dave's Awesome Chili
I’ve made a lot of Chili over the years and experimented with a lot of different types of Chili.  Personally, I like to change it up often and have made turkey chili, vegetarian chili, no-bean chili, etc. and have enjoyed them all.  But the Grandaddy of them all is Dave’s Awesome Chili (no, I did not name it myself).  I only make this one on special occasions and, typically, only upon request.  This Chili has graced several Super Bowl parties and one especially thankful Cub Scout Pot Luck Awards Dinner.  This recipe can be expensive, makes a LOT of chili and it is spicy.  There are things you can do to adjust the spiciness of it but….why would you?
Enjoy!

Ingredients:

  • 1 pound ground chuck
  • 1 pound chorizo (pork or beef, but I prefer pork)
  • 1 pound chopped mock tender chuck steak (or any stew meat)
  • 1 beef Kilbasa (see below for alternate options)
  • 1 1 lb package bacon
  • 1 15 oz can black beans
  • 1 15 oz can kidney beans
  • 1 15 oz can spicy chili beans
  • 5 10 oz cans Ro*tel tomatoes (if you want spicy chili pick 2 or 3 of the “extra hot” variety)
  • 1 6 oz can tomato paste
  • 1 large yellow onion
  • 1 medium white onion
  • 3 stalks celery
  • 1 green bell pepper
  • 1 red bell pepper
  • 2-4 green chili peppers (or jalapenos)
  • 4 cubes beef bouillon
  • 1 can beer (your choice)
  • 1/4 cup chili powder
  • 1/4 cup Lee Kum Kee black bean garlic paste
  • 1/4 cup brown sugar
  • 1 tablespoon Pickapeppa sauce
  • 1 tablespoon Worcestershire sauce
  • 1 tablespoon minced garlic
  • 1 tablespoon dried oregano
  • 1 tablespoon ground cumin
  • 4 teaspoons hot sauce (your choice, I usually use two different kinds)
  • 1 teaspoon dried basil
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • 1-2 teaspoons cayenne pepper

Dave's Awesome Chili

Process:

In a large stock pot over medium-high heat add roughly chopped, thick-cut bacon and cook until crisp. While bacon is cooking you can chop all the peppers, onions and celery. Remove bacon (leave the grease in the pot) and add chopped onions and celery. Add salt and pepper and cook until transparent and semi-browned then remove to a bowl.

Now add the ground chuck and chorizo to the pot and cook until nearly browned then add chopped chuck steak (chop into pieces small enough to handle in a bite but big enough to know you’re eating steak). I usually start adding the sauces and spices at this point and mix them in as the meat cooks.

Once the meat is browned and the sauces and spices are mixed in, toss in the cooked onions, chopped peppers and bacon.  Stir gently.

Drain the kidney beans and black beans and add those to the chili.  Stir gently.  Add the Chili Beans with spicy sauce.  Stir gently.  Add the Ro*Tel mix.  Stir gently.  Add the beer and chopped Kilbasa.  Stir.

Everything should be in at this point and you should have a nice soupy mix. Cover and reduce heat to a simmer.  Stir every 20 minutes or so for 2 to 3 hours…the longer the better.

Dave's Awesome ChiliServe in small bowls with shredded cheese, sour cream and chopped scallions or jalapenos.

optional:

Lately, instead of using the Kilbasa in the chili, I’ve used sweet Italian sausage links.  Brown the sausage in a skillet or on the grill, just enough to get some color to the skin.  Then drop them, whole, into the chili and let them cook with the chili.  In the end, I usually fish them out and cut them in half…serving one piece in each bowl with the chili.  It makes for the most flavorful, tender Italian sausage you’ve ever had.

Also, I like to cook a little extra bacon to chop up and use as a topping.

Serving Suggestions:

Serve with the usual toppings: cheese, sour cream, scallions, minced onion, chopped bacon, chopped jalapeno, etc.  I like to serve my chili with fresh tortillas (this IS Arizona).  I also like to serve mine with melon.  There is something really nice about the sweet, cool melon against the savory, spicy, steaming hot chili.  My recent find is Santa Claus Melon.  I can’t get enough of it and it pairs beautifully with the chili.  And don’t forget the beer…Lagers, Ambers and Pale Ales work great!

Chili

Platypus Big Zip Hydration System Giveaway…

The Hydration Summit was a month long content explosion about hydration, hydration systems as well as the dangers of dehydration and untreated water.  Much of the Summit revolved around the major hydration systems on the market including GeigerRig, CamelBak, Platypus and Osprey (and a few more were mentioned as well).  We had 15 popular outdoor bloggers sharing their expertise and experience as it relates to hydration in the outdoors.  The result of this grand experiment was an amazing collection of stories, reviews and instructional articles that all of us who spend time in the backcountry would find useful.

Platypus Big Zip hydration system

For my part, I contributed 3 total articles: A four system comparison of hydration reservoirs, a treatise on the signs and symptoms of waterborne illness and how to treat it, and a product review of the PurifiCup water filter.

The reservoir comparison review required that I actually have all four of the systems I was to review (clearly).  I had all but the Platypus, so I purchased the Platypus for the review.

Platypus Big Zip hydration systemThe abridged version of my review:

The Platypus reservoir is a top-opening design with a Zip-Loc style closure.  The reservoir is clear and has measurement markings along the side to allow you to gauge the fill capacity.  The drink tube is connected with a quick-coupling valve, the same valve used by all of the other major brands (which subsequently allows you to swap tubes if you prefer the drink tube and bite valve from another brand).  The top-opening design, we all determined, was the easiest for filling and cleaning the reservoirs.  I did not use the nozzle (bite valve) but I have heard from others that it is their favorite and one of the easiest to drink from.  For more info on the nozzle, check out Paul’s article here.

Check out this review from RamblinBears-

This specific Platypus was the 70 oz (2.0 L) Big Zip SL Reservoir.  It retails for about $33.

Since I have many (MANY) more reservoirs that I could ever need, I am going to give this one away!

I will be giving this away with all the original packaging.  The reservoir is USED as it has had water in it and has gone through some very mild abuse in testing it’s durability and functionality for the review.  The drink tube and nozzle has never even been attached to the reservoir (I removed it as soon as I brought it home).  I will ship the reservoir as soon as I confirm the winner.  Please use the Rafflecopter widget below to enter.  THANKS!
a Rafflecopter giveaway

Gear Review: ENO Doublenest Hammock…

ENO Doublenest Hammock

Anyone who reads my blog regularly knows I’ve been talking about hammock camping a lot lately.  That’s one of the reasons I was lucky enough to review a copy of Derek Hansen’s book, The Ultimate Hang: An Illustrated Guide to Hammock Camping.  Hammock camping is something I dabbled in years ago, without really knowing what I was doing, and now have returned to exploring.  There are so many more hammocks and accessories on the market now that I’m really excited about testing out a lot of this new gear.  But what got me back in to exploring the Hang was a fluke contest win last year.  I managed to win an ENO Doublenest Hammock kit (including their slap-straps and some other accessories) on Facebook!  Now, I was looking forward to getting outdoors for some overnights with my hammock.

It took a while, but I finally managed to start planning trips that would specifically put me in locations where I knew I could set a hammock.  I’ve now had the ENO out a half-dozen times and I have to say I am really enjoying it.  The Doublenest is pretty small packed into it’s own attached stuff sack (about 4x4x5) and weighs about 22oz.  It’s not UltraLight but it’s lighter than my tent.  The size of the hammock unfolded is 9′-4″ x 6′-8″ which is a little short compared to most hammocks designed for camping.  I would admit that the ENO is designed to be an all-purpose hammock.  It’s not long enough to be considered a true “camping” hammock or “expedition” hammock but it’s a comfortable size and it’s portability means you can take it almost anywhere.

The lightweight parachute nylon material has held up well so far.  The carabiners that came with the ENO were heavy, so I have replaced those with lighter, stronger carabiners (also lightening the overall load by a few ounces).  The seams are all triple-stitched and the gathered-end design translates into maximum strength at the attachment points.  The load capacity on the Doublenest is somewhere in the neighborhood of 500lbs, making it possible for two people to sit in the hammock.  This really isn’t practical for anything more than a nap as two people trying to sleep together overnight in the same hammock will lead to two people not wanting to see each other gain.  The load capacity is effected by the angle of the hang (as illustrated in Derek’s book) so if you are planning on pushing the weight limits of the product, make sure you achieve a solid 30 degree hang.

This is a great starter hammock.  For those new to hammocks, or hammock camping the ENO would be a good place to start.  It’s versatile, light, small, packable and easy to set up.  ENO has tons of accessories on their website like the Slap-Straps, tarps, bug-nets, LED lights for your ridgeline, even speakers so you can have tunes while you hang.

Enjoying the Hang in PrescottFor me, I love the low-impact nature of hammock camping.  I also love having the ability to camp in places where you just can’t with a tent.  I will be exploring more hammock options and looking into some of the more lightweight, expedition hammocks for backpacking trips.  I’ve got a few in mind and, thankfully, Derek has been a great resource for getting deeper into these products.  But I will always love my ENO and I’m sure it will find it’s way along on many future adventures.

 

 

Campsite Impact comparison

Hydration Summit – Week 4…

Hydration Summit

Last week was the final week of the Hydration Summit.  Hopefully you’ve been following along and keeping track.  If you’re just find this post, you can see what the Hydration Summit is all about through my recaps of Week 1, Week 2 and Week 3 or just go to the Hydration Summit directly and pick up some great information about hydration in the outdoors.  This has really turned in to a useful collection of tips and education about how to safely stay hydrated when exploring the outdoors.

June 25th-

Terry chimes in from across The Pond and gives us his review of the GeigerRig Hydration System.  He addresses his concerns with pushing water too quickly through the in-line filter arguing that it will reduce the effectiveness of the filtration process.  He also gives some simple tips for cleaning your non-GeigerRig hydration reservoirs (it’s really not that tough folks).

I led off mentioning Whitney’s review in last week’s post.  Make sure you check out her in-depth video review of the big 4 hydration systems.  She shows us a nice side-by-side comparison of the GeigerRig, CamelBak, Platypus and Osprey systems and gives us her pros and cons of each.

June 26th-

Our good buddy Adam breaks down the use of the GeigerRig Hydration Engine in various off-brand backpacks.  He tosses his 3L GeigerRig in to 3 different packs (the REI Alpine, REI Flash 18 and the Ultralight Adventure Equipment Catalyst) and shows us how each one worked to accommodate the two hose system and pump.

Jake looks at hydration supplements from the manufacturers point of view with his interview of Steve Born the Senior Technical Advisor for Hammer Nutrition.  Find out how a company looks at hydration from a marketing, R&D and manufacturing standpoint and see what Steve has to say about hydration.

 June 27th-

Our official South American correspondent, Paul, offers his review of the GegierRig 700 backpack and Hydration Engine.  He’s had his pack all over Bolivia from hiking high mountains in the Andes to trudging through thick rain forests to biking down the most dangerous road in South America.  His time with the pack in so many different conditions has led him to a very detailed review.

Katie brings us part 2 of her interview with hydration expert John Seifert.  This time she asks John about how to increase the effectiveness of water for hydration and how flavored drinks may improve hydration.  Go check it out.

June 28th-

On the final day of the Hydration Summit I submitted a quick, abridged version of the review I’m working on for the PurifiCup Water Filter.  I pulled some lab data from a review done by The Omega Man, showing how the filter worked in eliminating solids, color, chlorine and the ability of the nanosilver membrane to kill bacteria.

Hendrik closes the Hydration Summit with a exploration of where hydration technology might be headed.  He delves into some conceptual ideas and offers some very possible advances in the way we use hydration systems.  Some of his very right-now ideas include apps that remind you to hydrate and reservoir monitoring tied to a watch or phone to let you know how much fluid you have left.  It’s a thought provoking article that gets you thinking about where the technology might be in 5, 10…20 years.

What advancements would you like to see in the hydration system technology?

Winners of the GeigerRig Hydration Packs will be announced some time in the next couple of days.  So if you participated in the Summit, stay tuned for information about who won.